Monthly Archives: May 2017

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Types of mathematical models – Simulation techniques, decision theory, replacement models, heuristi

Simulation is a representation of reality (problem, system etc.) through the use of a model or other device which will react in the same manner as reality under a given set of conditions. Simulation is a very powerful tool and is used for problems which fail to be solved by the direct analysis. Once the simulation model is designed, it takes a little time to run a simulation on a computer. Decision theory: Decision theory plays an important role in helping managers make better decisions. Since, in the world people live, the course of future events cannot be predicted with absolute certainty, probabilities are associated with those events. Decision theory covers three categories of decision making under certainty, risk and uncertainty.

Replacement models: Replacement problems are generally two types involving the replacement of items that deteriorate with time and those that do not deteriorate but suddenly fail. The first category includes items like vehicles, machines, equipments, uniforms etc. The problem consists of finding the optimum time for a replacement so that the sum of the cost of new equipment, the cost of maintaining efficiency on the old and the cost of loss of efficiency is minimized. These problems can be solved by calculus and dynamic programming. The second category includes items like electric bulbs, tubes, tires etc. The problem, here, is about finding which items to replace and whether or not to replace them in a group and, if so, when. The objective is to minimize the sum of the cost of the item, cost of replacing the item and the cost associated with failure of items. These problems can be solved by statistical sampling and probability theory. Heuristic models: The heuristic models use rules of thumb or intuitive rules and guidelines (generally under computer control) to explore the most likely paths and to make educated guesses in arriving at a problem’s solution. Thus, checking all the alternatives, so as to obtain the optimum one, is not required. Heuristic models seem to be quite promising for future OR work. They bridge the gap between strictly analytical formulations and the operating principles which managers are habitual of using. Combined methods: A production control problem, for example, normally consists of a combination of inventory, allocation and queuing models. The usual method of solving such combined models consists of solving them one at a time in some logical sequence. However, operations research combines those models and constructs some type of master model, which takes into account the interaction of individual models.

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The Benefits Of Oblique Aerial Photography

Aerial Photography has a variety of applications in todays world. Aerial photos are a valuable tool in land development feasibility analysis, site analysis and project planning. They provide clear and thorough documentation for construction progress and defect reports, and can be very helpful for construction bonding and insurance purposes. Aerial photography can also form the backbone of project promotional and advertising campaigns, providing impressive, detailed views of the entire project.

Vertical and Oblique Aerial Photographs

Experienced aerial photographers know that its not just as simple as picking up a camera and taking to the sky. Different applications require different types of aerial photography. A vertical photo is one taken from the air while the camera axis is truly vertical at the moment the picture is taken. This type of photo can be most effective for mapping purposes, as distances are accurate and can be used with a grid. Oblique aerial photography includes high angle oblique and low angle oblique photos. What is often seen in a high angle oblique aerial photo is the apparent horizon, because haze in the atmosphere or other conditions may obscure the actual horizon. Shooting oblique aerial photos in optimum conditions from carefully chosen locations can produce a clear representation of a large area.

Why Oblique Aerial Photographs?

Oblique aerial photography has unique applications that differentiate it from vertical aerial photography. Professional aerial photographers know the by staying at a constant altitude and using oblique aerial photography techniques, some features that cannot be seen clearly in a vertical photo are better shown in an oblique photo. For example, seeing a smokestack from directly above presents an image of a ring, but viewing the same smokestack from an angle reveals part of the side and shadow. In cases where there are steep slopes or cliffs, some angle helps these features to be more easily identifiable and clearer to those viewing the photo. If you were to look at those types of features from a straight vertical perspective, the impact of these geological features wouldnt be as clear. Oblique photography provides a context that can be missing in vertical photography. This can be vital when trying to show the viability of a construction site, or produce construction progress documentation.

Choosing an Aerial Photographer

Professional aerial photographers such as Brett and Sherry Eklund of Desert View Aerial Photography in Arizona, have perfected their techniques through years of experience and a thorough understanding of the construction industry. Desert View Aerial Photography specializes in digital oblique aerial photography across a wide range of applications, from project marketing to traffic control planning. When choosing an aerial photographer for a project, its important to select a company with extensive knowledge of not only photography, but how to most effectively showcase your project based on your needs. Demands for aerial photographs can be time-sensitive, and accuracy and clarity are essential, so its important to choose an aerial photography company that provides quality digital photographs and excellent customer service.

Hindustani Instrumental Music

Hindustani music is just a glimpse of the rich cultural scene in India. India is a land of festivals, music, devotion and the strength of communal harmony. Instrumental music is divine and soul lifting. This is used in meditation and when interspersed with chants of ‘Om’ the aura in the room shifts to a heavenly venue. Instrumental music is therapeutic. It is also used while performing surgeries and a blessing to those who are recuperating from a sickness. If the monotony of a particular instrument is maintained, there is a certain solitude that is ethereal while listening to this kind of music.

Jugalbandi or the juxtaposed playing of two instruments which is similar or diverse category is enchanting. This is an interesting opportunity for the artist to unleash his creative potential to the fullest extent. Listening to jugalbandi music with a sitar and flute is mesmerizing. The easiest way to get a baby to sleep is to play some instrumental music. Garbh sanskar chants with Hindustani instrumental music is the best way of invoking the spiritual nature in the womb of a mother. Jal tarang or the water music makes us wonder of the depth of talent in the originator.

Hindustani Music is bifurcated into gharanas. The Kawal and Kalwanta were the main ghranas. The various schools emerged later as the Sarasota Veena banns, the Imdadkahni, Moradabad, Maihar, Lucknow and the Benaras gharana. The instrumental gharanas were the Gwalior Gharana which was notified by playing the khayal and Rahimat Khan is to be credited for preserving the same. The Been was popularized here. There are six main styles of playing the Tabla and that includes Delhi, Punjab, Ajrara, Benearas, Lucknow and Farukabad.

The Sitar gharanas includes the sitar of Jaipur like the Seni gharana which is famous with Amrita Sen and the other sitar gharana of lucknow is founded by Gulam Mohamad Khan. The Sarod Gharana of Saharanpur another gharana of Niamutulla Khan are the chief branches. Contemporary classical instrumental music and composition is a favourite music lover’s select item. The joy derived from music is incomparable to the material luxuries one can possess. Jazz fusion with Indian instruments is another newest method and music in any form is pleasing. Live performances are captivating, though albums can be enjoyed with a good music system.

Now enjoy to the classical instrumental songs, download movie songs or sing the latest hindi songs with hindi songs lyrics from our website.

Protect Your Music Studio In New York With Comprehensive Insurance Policy!

New York City, apart from being known for commercial hub in the Western world, has also gained impeccable reputation for being the Land of Opportunities for artists Be it actors, writers or musicians; it is here that they have carved a niche for themselves!

With numerous music studios in New York and being a hub of several artistic; it is nothing short of a paradise for aspiring music composers and singers. Since, these studios provide a fertile ground to grow; it is important these studios are covered against any accidents.

Setting up a studio needs all the life saving One need to find right place, get high quality and modern musical equipments and other instruments, which cost in thousands! And therefore, it becomes very crucial to provide a protective cover, so to ensure that any damage will not take you to the brink of grim financial crisis.

And thus, many studio owners and music composers have started to take insurance policies; it makes it easy for the parties involved to recover from the loss, if the studio is damaged, reduced to ash or it ransacked by the buglers.

The insurance policies act as an insulator; it provides financial help in the time when you desperately need it. As mentioned, studios are like life-lines; they need to be maintained and protected in every possible way.

First and foremost concern is to ensure safety of the musical instruments and other hi-tech equipments as they are too expensive. When it is damaged or lost or stolen, it becomes a major liability for the owners and composers.

It becomes a headache to buy or even get the broken ones repair It can again take away all your life savings in a go! However, when your studio is insured; this liability minimizes to a great extent. You get a substantial amount of money which can help to buy new instruments or get the broken ones repair. In short, you wont have to worry about or deal with the sudden and unexpected expenses.

It gives you the support to start the whole thing from the scratch. In other words, it will make the situation easy to handle and manageable.

In addition to this, under many coverage policies, not does it cover the property, but also provides a protective shield to the premises. If the studio is destroyed in fire or any other natural calamity like earthquake or floods or blizzards or during hurricanes, you will still have a support system to build the studio again.

The bottom line insurance policies are like a boon to music studios especially in cities like New York, where the competition is at its peak. Such policies provide a robust back-up to the owners or composer to beat the heat of competition as well as start afresh.

How To Get Noticed As An Amateur Singer

You know you have talent. You are constantly asked to sing at friends’ weddings, in church, and even at local clubs. This attention lets you know that you are not just fooling yourself: you’ve really got the pipes. Can you make it in the big time? The only way to really find out is to get out there and take some chances by entering competitions and seeing how you stack up against the other hopefuls out there.

If you plan on entering live and online competitions to show off your talent and get noticed, you’d better be prepared! Here are some ideas to help you be ready for and excel in any situation that might get tossed at you.

— Don’t be a One Note Nellie. So what if you want to be a country singer? If you really love country music and think that genre is where you’ll end up, great! Meanwhile, until you hit the big time you need to work on developing your own style in a wide variety of different genres. Depending on what shows you enter, you may be asked to sing pop, oldies, rock, the blues, or – yes – country. You need to practice all of the different kinds of singing you might need to know how to sing: versatility is key.

— Develop a “signature style.” You don’t have to write your own songs to succeed, and in competition formats you will probably be singing others’ songs. But you have to be able to pull these off while still retaining your own individuality. Perhaps you have a little yodel when you sing, or maybe you lean towards a jazzy style. Your signature style can be applied to virtually any type of song, and it is that which judges will remember.

— Don’t ever be dull. Plenty of people can sing well, but not everyone has the personality to pull off what it takes to become a popular singer. Your stage presence will make all the difference in whether you are remembered or forgotten.

If showing a vibrant personality doesn’t come easily to you, practice, practice, then practice some more. You need to learn how to own a stage when you step on it: that self-confidence will be contagious and you will get a bigger reaction from both the judges and the spectators.

— Now, get out there and put your talent on the line where it counts. It’s one thing to sing for a sympathetic audience of friends and family members, but it’s quite another to enter a talent show or other type of competition. But you can do it! Just make sure you feel well prepared and ready to take on the world and let it know you have arrived. Good luck!

Get amazing scenes behind your photo with photography backdrop

If you are a photography lover and desire to have your own photography business, then you need some accessories to start up with. First of all, you need a camera, and a photography backdrop for clicking various different photos. Every time it is not possible to shoot outside, so the pictures lack beautiful scenes. >

To make your customers happy and give them a beautiful background, one must use some special photography backdrop. There are different kinds of photography backdrops you can go with. One can go with varieties of pictures which can make your snaps look beautiful. You must try from the varieties of landscapes, portraits, painted canvas, etc to get the perfect photography backdrops.

I had my own business of photography and that is why I was searching for one nice accessory which can take my business to some different level. I was searching through the different web portals and suddenly found DinoDirect with various different lightning and studio equipment. There I got different kind of photography backdrop which suits my house perfectly. I got many of them and I was so confuse which one to go with. But finally I chose the mirror style waterproof paper photography backdrop h-5616, which is extremely marvelous.

I love the color combinations used here. The mirror shaped window is just too fantastic. There are some beautiful flowers also which increases the look of the photography backdrop. This photography backdrop was liked by many and people came especially to my studio for getting beautiful pictures of them. If you want to start your business, then you must try this beautiful painting to attract more and more customers.

With DinoDirect, you can get this beautiful picture at just US $ 33.80 which is unimaginable and truly perfect for your photo studio. You can now start up your studio at little price and grab your customers. This photography backdrop has a nonreflecting surface which makes it look even more beautiful. This is compatible with a variety of different mediums. It is just ideal for photo background, display banners, drafting and decorations.

Cartoon Character Fancy Dress Ideas

If you are planning a fancy dress party soon then you are probably looking for ideas on who to be. This includes a range of cartoon characters and having a fancy dress party based on cartoon characters is bound to get everyone laughing and smiling and having a great time. There are plenty of different characters that you can choose from so finding the right one should not be a problem.

Sonic the Hedgehog

The star of the popular game and cartoon, Sonic, can be purchased online. Some costumes have people asking who you are but there will be no doubt about this one as everyone will know who you are with the unmistakeable costume of sonic the hedgehog. The top, trousers, boots and gloves all come part of the deal so there will be no need to worry about accessories for the outfit like you do with other costumes. Sonic was played and watched by many young people and now you can dress up like him too.

The Simpsons

This show spans many generations and is probably one of the very few (if not the only) cartoon that people over the age of 12 actually watch. The characters are extremely famous and make a great fancy dress outfit for everyone. Homer and Bart are the favourites but costumes for Mr. Burns and Krusty the Clown are also available if you want to be alternative. The Simpsons has long been a favourite of many people and you can now play a part by going as one of the eccentric characters.

SpongeBob SquarePants

A popular choice amongst the younger generation as the cartoon has been watched by millions. Again this is another very distinctive costume that everyone will know regardless of whether they have watched the programme or not. The costume comes with all the necessary accessories so no other parts and items should be required.

These are just a few ideas that you could come as if you are going to be attending a fancy dress outfit soon. It is a good idea to leave plenty of time for delivery just in case there are any strikes or other external problems you have no control of. See who the other people are going as and try and coordinate so the party pictures look amazing. Enjoy the fancy dress party and enjoy being a cartoon character for the evening.

Cinema Listings London – 2140

A cinema, also called a movie theatre, a picture theatre, a movie house, or a film theatre is a venue, usually in a building, that is dedicated to the viewing of motion pictures/movies/films. Most cinemas are commercially operated and cater to the general public who watch films after buying tickets. Films are projected with film projectors onto large projection screens at the front of auditoriums. If you are in London, one of the best ways to get the best cinema around is through cinema listings London. A cinema listing is a list of cinemas that allows you to search based on the city or the postcode. You also get to choose between different types of cinemas. Most listings are run by film franchises such as Odeon and you get such incentives as gift cards, prizes, and other offers. You will be required to sign-up to join top rated cinema listings London.

There are several reasons why you should go for cinema listings London when searching for a cinema. London is a giant of a city with a population of about 14 million in the greater metropolitan area and it is one of the top financial, entertainment, cultural, fashion, medical, tourist, sports, education, and arts capitals in the EU zone, and indeed the world. It therefore follows that there are many cinemas to choose from and getting the London cinema you want is not always easy. A listing makes the job of searching for cinemas easy and convenient since you do not need to leave the comfort of your home or office.

There are many types of cinemas in London and cinema listings London enable you to get exactly what you want. You could go for a 3D film, which is a film that is projected on a system that presents film images so that they appear to film viewers to be 3D. RealD 3D, XpanD, Master Image, and Dolby 3D are derivatives of 3D films. You could go for an IMAX film, which is a film on a system that uses film that has more than 10 times the frame size of 35 mm films for higher quality image. The cinema could be a multiplexe or a megaplexe, it could be a drive-in, and it could be a purpose-built auto train. Cinema listings London are also advantageous in that you will get a list of all the films that different cinemas are offering.

Cinema listings Londonare available in magazines where you call the number given or write an email for a guide on London cinemas. The best place to get a London cinema listing is however over the Internet since you get unparalleled convenience, you save money on logistics, you compare a lot more cinemas, and your anonymity is guaranteed.

Find more about London Cinema and Cinema Listings London

Digital Photography Tips – 5 Tips To Avoid Flash Blowout

Have you ever tried to take pictures in a poorly lit room with your point and shoot camera? How was it? Doesn’t your subject turn out to be completely blown out by the flash? It was horrible to see that your subjects are engulfed by the bright light. So, below are 5 tips to help you avoid this common flash blowout.

1. Stepping back

Various digital photography tips told you to get close to your subjects so that you can fill up your frame. However, the closer you get to your subjects with flash, the brighter they will get.

So, it is wise that you take some steps further from your subjects and zoom into them when you need to flash on your subjects. This can help you to fill your frame and reduce the blowout.

2. Bounce the flash

As any point and shoot camera user already knew, you can’t control the direction of the flash (DSLR flash unit can be twisted and bounce the light to other direction). However, you are not cursed to stick with this situation forever. You can change your fate with some effort.

You can use a small white card and place it at an angle in front of the flash so that the light can be directed to the ceiling or wall. One thing about this digital photography tip is that you want to be careful with the material you use to direct the flash. This is because different color can impact the light from your flash. So, you will see a different picture when you bounce the flash with a red card instead of white.

3. Diffusion

Unlike DSLR camera users, compact digital camera users can’t control the output of the flash. If you know that your flash is too strong, what you can do then is to stick white tissue or cello tape over the flash unit.

Again, the materials you use to cover the flash unit can affect the light from your flash. So, it is good that you can stick the flash with white or clear and transparent material instead of colorful tapes.

4. Setting

Now this is the time when you look into the setting your point and shoot camera and use the ‘night mode’ to avoid flash blowout. In this mode, your camera will automatically slow down the shutter speed and take the picture with flash.

While your shutter speed is being slowed down, your aperture size will usually be increase (although you might not be able to control this). When that happens, more light from the environment can be allowed to enter the camera so that it reduces the usage of the flash hence your subject can be properly illuminated.

5. Add more light

This is the most obvious digital photography tips ever. However, this might not be effective when you are in a party or clubbing. You can literally get yourself kick out of the room when you do that.

If that is the case, can you get your subjects to a better lit place? If the flash still blowout your subject, you probably will want to add in the stepping back tip here.

Choosing A Photography Career

As with any career where the path is a tricky one, the most important attribute you will need to have is determination to succeed. If you think it might be nice to be a professional photographer, but there are other careers you would also be happy in, don’t choose photography!

So, given that this is the career path you absolutely have to follow, which path is for you?

Portrait photography

The portrait photographer will either work out of a studio, or have the occasional location job; school photographs, or headshots for actors, singers, and dancers. They will need excellent organisational skills, as they will most likely be doing their own diary-management, as well as keeping themselves fully apprised of the latest developments both in digital photography and post-production. Although no formal qualifications are required, a reasonably high level of training and professional competence are essential.

Family photography

The family photographer will be almost entirely-studio based. Frequently dealing with fractious small children, their people skills are as important as their skills as a photographer. The family photographic shoot requires diplomacy, and an ability to keep people focussed yet relaxed. Like the portrait photographer, formal qualifications are desirable rather than essential.

Fashion photography

Breaking into this glamorous side of the industry is incredibly difficult. The fashion photographer will require an extensive physical portfolio of their work, and also an excellent personal website to serve as a gallery. Their digital manipulation skill of the images they shoot should be exceptional. Unlike most other fields of professional photography, the fashion photographer should have an agent, who will negotiate the sale of their work on their behalf.

Photojournalism

The photo journalist is essentially a storyteller, presenting the truth, with images seldom doctored before they find their way into print. Formal training could be more important here than in other fields, as a degree will present challenges and theoretical scenarios for the student to tackle. A graduate course will also provide vital contacts.

Wildlife photography

Again, the wildlife photographer will need a stand-out portfolio, and a keen interest in the natural world. With stock agencies overflowing with images, the budding wildlife photographer will need extreme levels of persistence, patience, and the ability to see the long game. Requiring excellent business and marketing skills, they will need to charm their way into good relationships with animal parks, enabling access to restricted areas.

Wedding photography

One for the adrenaline junkies of the photography world, wedding photographers need nerves of steel to be master of the perfect shot. Dealing with the preservation of people’s treasured memories, their people, and indeed crowd-management skills should be exceptional. Their editing skills should also be top-notch, as a little subtle photoshopping can make the difference between a good photograph, and a perfect one.

Your path within the profession depends as much upon your personality as your skill – if you tailor your career progression to who you are, you will find developing your skills extremely rewarding.